Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that affects millions of people in the United States. Managing type 2 diabetes is a widely researched concern. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over 34 million Americans have diabetes, about 90-95% of them are type 2 diabetes. This article will explore the symptoms and treatment options for type 2 diabetes based on existing research.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that affects how the body processes blood sugar or glucose. People with type 2 diabetes may experience symptoms such as:
- High blood sugar levels: this can cause fatigue, blurred vision, increased thirst, and frequent urination.
- Slow healing of cuts and wounds: High blood sugar affect circulation and the body’s ability to repair itself, leading to slower wound healing.
- Numbness and tingling in the hands and feet: This can result from nerve damage caused by high blood sugar levels over time.
- Increased risk of infections: High blood sugar can also weaken the immune system, making people with type 2 diabetes more susceptible to infections.
Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
Research associates Type 2 diabetes is with lifestyle factors, such as physical inactivity, unhealthy diets, and obesity. People who are overweight or obese are at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Other risk factors for type 2 diabetes include:
- People over 45 are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
- Family history: A family history of type 2 diabetes can increase the risk of developing the disease.
Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes
The goal of treatment for type 2 diabetes is to manage blood sugar levels and prevent complications. Treatment may involve lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet, regular exercise, and medications to lower blood sugar levels. In some cases, doctors prescribe insulin.
1. Lifestyle Changes
Lifestyle interventions, such as weight loss and increased physical activity, can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. These interventions can improve blood sugar control and reduce the need for medication in people who already have the disease. To do this, you should follow a healthy diet that is low in processed and sugary foods and high in fibers. They also recommend regular physical activity, such as walking, cycling, or swimming, for at least 30 minutes per day.
A variety of medications can be used to treat type 2 diabetes, including metformin, sulfonylureas, and insulin. Your doctor will always know the best medication for your case. This means that you must seek your doctor’s support if you are diagnosed with a type 2 diabetes.
In conclusion, individuals can take steps to manage the disease and reduce the risk of complications of type 2 diabetes once they experience the symptoms. Also, healthcare providers’ help and family and friends’ support, will lead you to a healthy, active live.